Principles of operation of HDS cranes
Specifics of HDS cranes
HDS cranes, are equipment with a wide range of applications. Their work involves loading and unloading. Due to their construction and relatively small size, they are used for work in places that are difficult to access, among other things. Like any piece of equipment, they require compliance with health and safety rules and those contained in the technical manual. Failure to comply with these rules may lead to accidents and breakdowns.
What should be done before working with an HDS crane?
Before starting work, the HDS crane operator, should read:
- the technical and operating documentation of the equipment,
- a document certifying that the equipment is authorised for use,
- the operating instructions for the type of crane in question,
- entry in the maintenance log.
Without reading all the documents, he cannot start work. Next, he has to make sure that the equipment is in working order. He then checks:
- the tightness of the individual components,
- correct extension of supports,
- operation of hydraulic locks,
- functioning of the interlocks,
- security operation.
When he or she notices any irregularities he or she is obliged to inform his or her supervisor.
An important thing to do before starting your tasks is to make sure that there are no bystanders in the working area of the machine. This area should be properly demarcated and properly marked to avoid such situations. The handbrake must be applied, wheel chocks must be used and warning lights must be on. The person in charge of the machine should wear appropriate personal protective equipment, i.e. clothing that does not restrict movement, proper footwear and, above all, a safety helmet.
Responsibilities of the HDS crane operator
It is the responsibility of the operator driving the vehicle to position it in the right place and level it properly. The surface on which it is placed must be robust, and in the event of uneven terrain, it becomes necessary to use special shims and stabilisers. In the technical data of the equipment in question, it is possible to find information on the maximum permissible inclination of the crane.
Use of HDS cranes
HDS cranes are often used for outdoor work, but they cannot be used in all weather conditions. In situations where there is limited visibility, such as during fog, high winds or storms, work on the unit should be stopped immediately. When working indoors, care must be taken to ensure that there is a good ventilation system to prevent dangerous levels of exhaust gases.
Main activities not permitted when working with HDS cranes
In order to ensure your safety, the safety of those working with us and to prevent damage to the property we use to carry out our duties, you must not:
- work in the wrong area, with unconnected and ungrounded power lines,
- attempt to move materials that are firmly fixed to the ground,
- attempt to move materials frozen to the ground,
- lift loads with unknown parameters,
- attempt to carry loads in excess of the maximum permissible lifting capacity of the equipment concerned,
- work on a device that is not fully operational,
- move materials directly over people or workstations,
- operate a crane that does not have an up-to-date record in the maintenance log,
- operate the crane without a permit issued by the Technical Inspection Authority.
Questions and answers
What are HDS cranes used for?
These machines are used for jobs where large cranes would not fit. They are used for loading and unloading various types of goods.
Can HDS cranes be used indoors?
Yes, but you need to ensure that the building has a good ventilation system.
What should I do if I notice any irregularities in the operation of the device?
Stop work immediately and inform your supervisor of the problem.
Does the person operating the device have to wear any special clothes?
The employee is required to wear protective clothing, shoes and a helmet at all times.